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Background of the Space Exploration Day Holiday
In April of 1961 President John F. Kennedy, with the support of the CIA, carried out an Invasion of Cuba, hoping to bring out popular local Cuban support for the overthrow of Fidel Castro’s communist regime. This mission failed, and soon America was threatened by the Russian led Cuban Missile Crisis.
At this time it became important to build a world view of United States technological leadership, so that America could compete with Communism on a world scale. President Kennedy decided to establish a Man on the Moon Goal. This became a race with the Soviet Union, to get there first. He announced this goal on September 12, 1962. The original goal was motivated by military fears and events. However, Kennedy foresaw the conquest of space, as a potentially peaceful endeavor. When we finally got to the Moon, on July 20, 1969, we conducted Space Exploration, and we came in peace for all mankind.